Default linker changed when installing GCC 5.3.0 on Tiger
cesarmensajes at gmail.com
Tue Apr 26 15:29:33 PDT 2016
El miércoles, 27 de abril de 2016, Ryan Schmidt <ryandesign at macports.org>
> On Apr 26, 2016, at 5:11 PM, César wrote:
> > El martes, 26 de abril de 2016, Ryan Schmidt escribió:
> >> On Apr 26, 2016, at 4:31 PM, César wrote:
> >> > After installing GCC 5.3.0 in Tiger, I realized that if I invoke ld
> from the command line, I'm actually invoking /opt/local/bin/ld. I realize
> that GCC 5.3.0 may require a newer linker than the default in Xcode for
> Tiger, but even if I select GCC 4.0.1 as the current compiler, ld still
> invokes /opt/local/bin/ld.
> >> >
> >> > Is there any way I can select /usr/bin/ld as the default linker when
> I'm not using GCC 5.3.0?
> >> Tiger is so old that all the compilers included in its Xcode are too
> old and buggy for MacPorts to use. So MacPorts installs and uses the
> apple-gcc42 port and uses that compiler to build all ports on Tiger (unless
> a port specifies otherwise). The apple-gcc42 port requires the ld64 port,
> which is where /opt/local/bin/ld comes from. You should probably use
> /opt/local/bin/ld and the gcc installed by the apple-gcc42 port, even for
> things you compile on Tiger outside of MacPorts, rather than the ancient
> versions that come in Tiger's Xcode.
> > Yes, that's reasonable, but I like the flexibility of being able to use
> the Tiger's Xcode tools versions if I need it for testing or for
> comparisons. Isn't it possible to revert to the Xcode linker with the same
> ease I can select the active GCC version?
> The "select" mechanism relies on the fact that no port installs the
> program of the name that you will ultimately use. For example, no gcc port
> installs /opt/local/bin/gcc. Instead, "port select" creates
> /opt/local/bin/gcc as a symlink to whatever gcc program you wish.
> The ld64 port doesn't work like that. It directly installs
> /opt/local/bin/ld so there is no opportunity for "port select" to put a
> symlink there.
> We typically use "select" for situations where there is more than one port
> providing an equivalent program, for example multiple versions of gcc.
> There is only one ld64 port, no multiple versions, so we don't provide
> "select" support in those cases.
> You can still call Apple's old ld by calling /usr/bin/ld. If you really
> need to, you can deactivate the ld64 port, but expect some things to break
> if you do so, so I wouldn't do that longer than just temporarily.
Ok, thanks a lot. BTW, related to ld64, does anybody know what this error
means, and the reasons that may cause it? It happens to me when linking (in
Tiger) with some static libs I built with clang, and I didn't find anything
by searching on the Internet:
ld: in /Users/cesar/MiCarpeta/libim.a(im_attrib.o), can't find relocation
for personality in CIE
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