Big Sur on M1 - bind9 named daemon don't run

Mark Lucas mllists at
Thu Sep 22 16:09:50 UTC 2022

Having fixed the ownership and managed to manually startup named, the temp log produced cryptically ended by saying;
22-Sep-2022 16:44:15.726 general: critical: loading configuration: file not found
22-Sep-2022 16:44:15.727 general: critical: exiting (due to fatal error)
Turns out that for some reason the directory specified in the config supposed to contain the logs had been deleted.
You'd think named-checkconf might have picked that up.
Thanks for all the help.

> On 22 Sep 2022, at 16:50, Bill Cole <macportsusers-20171215 at> wrote:
> On 2022-09-22 at 10:27:16 UTC-0400 (Thu, 22 Sep 2022 10:27:16 -0400)
> Daniel J. Luke <dluke at <mailto:dluke at>>
> is rumored to have said:
>>> On Sep 22, 2022, at 8:56 AM, Mark Lucas <mark at <mailto:mark at>> wrote:
>>> I just updated to bind 9.18.7 (Intel mac mini - macOS 12.6 ) and despite checking the config was ok, which it was, bind refuses to start.
>>> Looking at the contents of /opt/local/var/named/ mysteriously most of the files were now listed as being owned by non existent user 511.
>>> e.g. -rw-r--r--   1 511    named  -           3.2K  4 Aug  2021 named.root
>>> Tried uninstalling and reinstalling bind9 and changing /opt/local/var/named/ files owner to named but the problem remains.
> named.root is the historical name of the root cache for BIND. Identical to what MacPorts installs as db.cache.dist. The directory /opt/local/var/named/ and everything in it should be owned by user and group 'named'
> It looks possible that you've somehow had the user 'named' deleted (and it formerly had id 511.) That would cause permission problems.
>> I think the permissions stuff is unrelated to the port - it only installs these files into /opt/local/var/named:
>> % port contents bind9 | grep /opt/local/var/named
>>  /opt/local/var/named/db.127.0.0.dist
>>  /opt/local/var/named/db.cache.dist
>>  /opt/local/var/named/db.localhost.dist
>> You can try to start named by hand with `-g` (and maybe add a -d # option) to try to get more information on why it's not starting for you.
>> -- 
>> Daniel J. Luke
> -- 
> Bill Cole
> bill at <mailto:bill at> or billcole at <mailto:billcole at>
> (AKA @grumpybozo and many * addresses)
> Not Currently Available For Hire

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